Northern Red Oak

Friends planted three Northern Red Oaks in the fall of 2014 to replace older trees. 

  • Generally described as a perennial tree, this tree is native to the U.S. and has its most active growth period in the spring and summer.  The greatest bloom is usually observed in mid-spring, with fruit and seed production starting in the summer and continuing until fall.
  • The Northern Red Oak (Rubra) has a long life span relative to most other plant species and a moderate growth rate. At maturity, the typical Northern Red Oak will reach up to 100 feet high, with a maximum height at 20 years of 36 feet.
  • Northern Red Oak is commonly planted as a landscape tree in eastern North America and Europe -- used as a shade tree on lawns, parks, campuses, golf courses, etc, where space is sufficient.   
  • It is fast growing, easy to transplant, and tolerant of urban conditions (including dry and acidic soil and air pollution.)
  • Its abundant nuts attract wildlife, and the leaves develop a brick-red fall color. 
  • The acorns of red oak (and other oak species) were an important food source for Native Americans. To remove bitter tannins, they were boiled, leached with ashes, soaked for days in water, or buried over winter. Some tribes used red oak bark as a medicine for heart troubles and bronchial infections or as an astringent, disinfectant, and cleanser.